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Linux in a Nutshell

This directory of Linux commands is from Linux in a Nutshell, 5th Edition.

Click on any of the 687 commands below to get a description and list of available options. All links in the command summaries point to the online version of the book on Safari Bookshelf.

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du

du [options] [directories]

Print disk usage (as the number of 1 KB blocks used by each named directory and its subdirectories; default is the current directory).

Options

-a, --all

Print disk usage for all files, not just subdirectories.

-b, --bytes

Print sizes in bytes.

-c, --total

In addition to normal output, print grand total of all arguments.

-D, --dereference-args

Follow symbolic links, but only if they are command-line arguments.

-h, --human-readable

Print sizes in human-readable format.

-H, --si

Like -h, but show as power of 1000 rather than 1024.

-k, --kilobytes

Print sizes in kilobytes (this is the default).

-l, --count-links

Count the size of all files, whether or not they have already appeared (i.e., via a hard link).

-L, --dereference

Follow symbolic links.

--exclude=pattern

Exclude files that match pattern.

--max-depth=num

Report sizes for directories only down to num levels below the starting point (which is level 0).

-m, --megabytes

Print sizes in megabytes.

-s, --summarize

Print only the grand total for each named directory.

-S, --separate-dirs

Do not include the sizes of subdirectories when totaling the size of parent directories.

-x, --one-file-system

Display usage of files in current filesystem only.

-X, --exclude-from=file

Exclude files that match any pattern in file.

--help

Print help message and then exit.

--version

Print the version and then exit.